The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Armenia is a developing nation in the lower half of the world's economies. Located east of Turkey in southwestern Asia, it has hot summers and cold winters.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
High risk exists throughout the country, with moderate risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent brucellosis may be needed.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Leishmaniasis may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Consular Travel Advice
Due to military conflict, Australia (DFAT) advises avoiding travel to Nagorno-Karabakh region and areas bordering Azerbaijan. U.S. (DOS), U.K. (FCO), and Canada (GAC) have more limited warnings.
Low risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout the country.
Risk of violent crime (armed robbery, home invasion, sexual assault, carjacking, and murder) and petty crime exists throughout the country. Theft of valuables from unattended vehicles is common.
Scams involving corrupt officials have been reported.
Protests and demonstrations occur throughout the country (especially in Yerevan, Gyumri, and other cities) and are generally peaceful, but have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities.
The border with Azerbaijan, including the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan, is closed. A cease-fire has been in effect since 1994. However, intermittent gunfire continues along the cease-fire line and along the border with Azerbaijan. There are still land mines in numerous areas. The land border with Turkey is also closed, although there are regular flights between Yerevan and Istanbul.
High risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 12 to 24 per 100,000 population. The rate is < 10 in most high-income countries. Driving at night is not advised. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Seismic activity frequently occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Armenia
- United States: [+374] 10-464-700; am.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+374] 10-56-79-90; travel.gc.ca/assistance/embassies-consulates/armenia
- United Kingdom: [+374] 10-264-301; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-yerevan
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Armenia.
Armenia's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.usa.mfa.am
- In Canada: www.armembassycanada.ca
- In the U.K.: www.uk.mfa.am
- In Australia: Armenia does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.