The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Christmas Island, a territory of Australia, is located in the Indian Ocean, approximately 1,400 km (870 mi) northwest of Australia. Its climate is tropical, with warm temperatures throughout the year.
See also: Library article for Yellow Fever
Although yellow fever does not occur in Christmas Island, an official yellow fever vaccination certificate may be required depending on your itinerary.
- Requirement: A vaccination certificate is required for travelers aged ≥ 1 year coming from countries with risk of YF transmission (except Galápagos Islands in Ecuador and the island of Tobago) and from Misiones Province in Argentina. Note: This applies to airport layovers longer than 12 hours in these countries.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, including in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Dengue may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.
Other Disease and Health Risks
Additional concerns include marine hazards.
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
No intrinsic risk of attack by terrorist groups exists, but unforeseen attacks are possible.
Negligible risk of violent crime exists throughout the country.
National incidence data on traffic-related injury or death are not available.
Traffic flows on the left-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Christmas Island, a territory of Australia
- United States: The U.S. does not have an embassy or consulate in Christmas Islands.
- Canada: Canada does not have an embassy or consulate in Christmas Islands.
- United Kingdom: U.K. does not have an embassy or consulate in Christmas Islands.
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Christmas Islands.
Christmas Islands' Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: Christmas Islands does not have an embassy or consulate in the U.S.
- In Canada: Christmas Islands does not have an embassy or consulate in Canada.
- In the U.K.: Christmas Islands does not have an embassy or consulate in the U.K.
- In Australia: Christmas Islands does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV and hepatitis testing are required to obtain a work or residence visa.