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General Map

General map of Greece

Medical Summary

The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).

General Information

Greece is an industrialized nation in the top 25% of the world's economies. Located on the Mediterranean Sea between Albania and Turkey, its climate is temperate but varies significantly. Generally, its winters are mild and wet while its summers are hot and dry.

Immunizations

Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, or tick-borne encephalitis. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.

Malaria

See also: Library article for Malaria

The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):

WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)

(2017) Very limited malaria risk (P. vivax only) may exist from May through October in certain high-risk agricultural areas.
  • Recommended prevention in high-risk agricultural areas: A - Very limited risk of malaria transmission. Mosquito bite prevention only.

WHO Country List footnote: When available, the date of the most recent update or confirmation is indicated in parentheses in the country list. If no date is indicated, the most recent update or confirmation was provided before 2013.

CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)

Areas with malaria: Rare focal transmission May–Nov associated with imported malaria cases, in agricultural areas. None in tourist areas.
  • Estimated relative risk of malaria for US travelers: None.
  • Drug resistance4: Not applicable.
  • Malaria species: P. vivax 100%.
  • Recommended chemoprophylaxis: Not applicable.
    4 Refers to P. falciparum malaria unless otherwise noted.

Other Concerns

Travelers' Diarrhea

See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea

Minimal risk exists throughout the country. Community sanitation is generally good, and health concerns related to food and beverages are minimal.

Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.

Other Food-Borne Illnesses

Precautions to prevent brucellosis may be needed.

Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases

Leishmaniasis, Lyme disease, murine typhus, Rocky Mountain spotted fever and West Nile virus may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.

Other Disease and Health Risks

Additional concerns include air pollution, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, hantavirus and marine hazards.

Consular Advice

The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.

Terrorism Risk

Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout Europe. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.

Crime

Low risk of violent crime (sexual assault) exists in areas frequented by tourists.

High risk of petty crime exists in areas frequented by tourists, especially in Athens (Monastiraki and Omonia districts) and in and around train and bus stations in Larissa (Thessaly Region) and Peloponnese Region.

Scams involving ATMs and credit cards have been reported.

Risk exists of robberies and/or assaults occurring after consuming intentionally drugged food or drink; tourists are frequently targeted (including on cruises). Highest threat areas include Mykonos, Santorini, and Ios islands.

Civil Unrest

Protests, demonstrations, and strikes frequently occur throughout the country (particularly on May 1 and November 17), especially in the cities of Athens and Thessaloniki, and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.

Unsafe Areas

Some border areas are militarily sensitive and should be avoided, including the north-northwest zone.

Water Safety

Rent water sports equipment from reputable operators. Scuba dive only with personnel certified by PADI or NAUI, and use equipment only from PADI- or NAUI-certified dive operators.

Transportation Safety

Risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 7 to 12 per 100,000 population. The rate is < 10 in most high-income countries.

Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.

Airline Safety

U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has determined that the civil aviation authority of this country oversees its air carriers in accordance with minimum international safety standards.

Natural Disasters

Forest fires occur from June through September.

Seismic activity frequently occurs.

Consular Information

Selected Embassies or Consulates in Greece

  • United States: [+30] 210-721-2951; gr.usembassy.gov
  • Canada: [+30] 210-7273400; www.greece.gc.ca
  • United Kingdom: [+30] 210-7272-600; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-athens
  • Australia: [+30] 210-870-4000; www.greece.embassy.gov.au

Greece's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries

  • In the U.S.: www.mfa.gr/usa/en/
  • In Canada: www.mfa.gr/canada/en
  • In the U.K.: www.mfa.gr/uk/en
  • In Australia: www.mfa.gr/australia/en

Visa/HIV Testing

HIV and hepatitis testing may be required to obtain a work or residence visa.