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General Map

General map of Montenegro

Medical Summary

The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).

General Information

Montenegro is a developing nation but is in the upper half of the world's economies. Located between Serbia and the Adriatic Sea in southeastern Europe, its climate is characterized by long, dry summers and short, mild winters. Inland regions experience hot, dry summers and autumns, and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall. Its temperature varies greatly with elevation.

Immunizations

Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or tick-borne encephalitis. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.

Malaria

See also: Library article for Malaria

The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):

WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)

No statement given.

CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)

Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.

Other Concerns

Travelers' Diarrhea

See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea

Moderate risk exists throughout the country, with minimal risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.

Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.

Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases

Leishmaniasis, Lyme disease, West Nile virus may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.

Other Disease and Health Risks

Additional concerns include air pollution, hantavirus, marine hazards.

Consular Advice

The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.

Terrorism Risk

Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout Europe. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.

Crime

Negligible risk of violent crime exists throughout the country.

Risk of petty crime exists in cities, areas frequented by tourists, on public transportation, in markets and crowded places, and on beaches. Low risk exists throughout the rest of the country.

Scams involving credit cards have been reported.

Civil Unrest

Protests and demonstrations occur throughout the country (especially near government buildings) and are generally peaceful, but have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities.

Transportation Safety

Risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 7 to 12 per 100,000 population. The rate is less than 10 in most high-income countries.

Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.

Exercise caution on public transportation due to the risk of pick-pocketing.

Rail services do not meet international safety standards (due to unsafe vehicles and poor maintenance). 

Natural Disasters

Seasonal flooding frequently occurs.

Forest fires occur during the dry season from April through October, especially in coastal and central areas.

Seismic activity frequently occurs.

Consular Information

Selected Embassies or Consulates in Montenegro

  • United States: [+382] 0-20-410-500; me.usembassy.gov
  • Canada: Canada does not have an embassy or consulate in Montenegro.
  • United Kingdom: [+382] 0-20-420-100; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-podgorica
  • Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Montenegro.

Montenegro's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries

  • In the U.S.: [+1] 202-234-6108
  • In Canada: [+1] 604-838-9666
  • In the U.K.: [+44] 020-3302-7227
  • In Australia: Montenegro does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.

Visa/HIV Testing

HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.