The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Norway is an industrialized nation in the top 25% of the world's economies. Located west of Sweden in northern Europe, its climate is generally mild in coastal areas, but colder in the interior. The west coast is rainy throughout the year.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or tick-borne encephalitis. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Minimal risk exists throughout the country. Community sanitation is generally good, and health concerns related to food and beverages are minimal.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Lyme disease may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.
Other Disease and Health Risks
Additional concerns include hantavirus.
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout Europe. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
Low risk of violent crime exists throughout the country.
Low risk of petty crime exists in areas frequented by tourists, especially in Oslo (including Oslo Central Station).
Rent water sports equipment from reputable operators. Scuba dive only with personnel certified by PADI or NAUI, and use equipment only from PADI- or NAUI-certified dive operators.
Other Safety Threats
Exercise caution during excursions to mountainous and isolated areas. For high-altitude mountaineering, glacier climbing, and ski touring, travelers should hire a professional guide.
Low risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is < 7 per 100,000 population, the lowest risk category.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has determined that the civil aviation authority of this country oversees its air carriers in accordance with minimum international safety standards.
Winter storms frequently occur. Avalanches, floods, mudslides, and landslides may occur, especially in mountainous areas.
Extreme cold (which can lead to cold-related injury) occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Norway
- United States: [+47] 21-30-85-40; no.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+47] 22-99-53-00; www.norway.gc.ca
- United Kingdom: [+47] 23-13-27-00; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-oslo
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Norway.
Norway's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.norway.org
- In Canada: www.norway.no/canada
- In the U.K.: www.norway.org.uk
- In Australia: www.norway.org.au
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.