The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Portugal is an industrialized nation in the top 25% of the world's economies. Located west of Spain in southwestern Europe, its climate is maritime temperate. The north is cool and rainy, and the south is warmer and drier.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, meningococcal meningitis, or rabies. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, with minimal risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout Europe. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
Negligible risk of violent crime exists throughout the country.
Risk of petty crime exists throughout the country, especially in Lisbon (particularly on electric trams numbered E28, E25, and E15), in areas frequented by tourists (particularly in Cabo da Roca and Boca do Inferno), and on beaches (particularly on Guincho Beach).
Scams involving the use of distraction techniques to commit robbery (including puncturing tires and posing as a helpful passerby), property rentals, and substituting inferior goods after purchase have been reported.
Risk exists of robberies and/or assaults occurring after consuming intentionally drugged food or drink; tourists are frequently targeted.
Protests and demonstrations frequently occur throughout the country, especially in Lisbon, Porto, and other cities, and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.
Hazardous water conditions (including currents, tides, and undertows) may occur. Heed posted warnings and avoid beaches that are not patrolled. Do not swim alone or after dark, and do not walk on any beach after dark.
Rent water sports equipment from reputable operators. Scuba dive only with personnel certified by PADI or NAUI, and use equipment only from PADI- or NAUI-certified dive operators.
Risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 7 to 12 per 100,000 population. The rate is less than 10 in most high-income countries.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Exercise caution on public buses and metro and rail services due to the risk of pick-pocketing.
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has determined that the civil aviation authority of this country oversees its air carriers in accordance with minimum international safety standards.
Forest fires occur during from June through September.
Seismic activity frequently occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Portugal
- United States: [+351] 21-727-3300; pt.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+351] 213-16-4600; www.portugal.gc.ca
- United Kingdom: [+351] 21-392-4000; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-lisbon
- Australia: [+351] 21-310-1500; www.portugal.embassy.gov.au
Portugal's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.embassyportugal-us.org
- In Canada: www.otava.embaixadaportugal.mne.pt/pt
- In the U.K.: www.londres.embaixadaportugal.mne.pt/pt
- In Australia: www.camberra.embaixadaportugal.mne.pt/en
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.