The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Tunisia is a developing nation in the lower half of the world's economies. Located in northern Africa, its climate is desert in the south and temperate in the north with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers. Desert climate in portions of this country may aggravate respiratory conditions.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, including in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent brucellosis may be needed.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Consular Travel Advice
Due to terrorism and military conflict, Australia (DFAT) advises avoiding travel within 30 km (19 mi) of the borders with Algeria and Libya (including the town of Ben Guerdane); to areas south of the towns of El Borma and Dhehiba; and to Mount Chaambi National Park (including the town of Kasserine); and advises reconsidering travel (or avoiding nonessential travel) to areas south of and including the towns of Nefta, Douz, Medenine, and Zarzis; and to Kasserine, El Kef, Jendouba, and Sidi Bouzid governates. U.S. (DOS), U.K. (FCO), and Canada (GAC) have more limited warnings.
High risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout the country, especially in Tunis. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
In 2015, attacks occurred in areas frequented by tourists. A state of emergency is in effect through November 2018.
Risk of kidnapping by terrorist groups exists throughout the country, especially in Mount Chaambi National Park (Kasserine Governorate), areas bordering Algeria and Libya, and the southern half of the country, including the towns of Douz, Medenine, Nefta, and Zarzis. Targets may include foreigners (especially Westerners).
Risk of violent crime (armed robbery and sexual assault) exists throughout the country.
Risk of petty crime exists throughout the country, especially in areas frequented by tourists. Theft of valuables from unattended vehicles and accommodations is common.
Scams involving false befriending have been reported.
Protests, demonstrations, and strikes frequently occur throughout the country and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.
Armed conflict occurs in areas bordering Algeria and Libya, including Mount Chaambi National Park.
Landmines and other unexploded ordnance may be present in Mount Chaambi National Park.
Military presence exists in areas south of the towns of El Borma and Dhehiba, Tataouine Governorate.
Desert excursions should only be undertaken with organized groups and experienced guides. Participants should inform someone not on the tour of their itinerary and anticipated return time. An adequate supply of food and water for extended unforeseen delays is essential.
Significant risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is greater than 24 per 100,000 population, the highest risk category. Carefully assess the safety of transportation options before any road travel. Speed laws are poorly enforced. Driving at night is not advised. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Exercise caution on public buses and rail service due to the risk of pick-pocketing.
Sandstorms and dust storms frequently occur.
Seismic activity frequently occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Tunisia
- United States: [+216] 71-107-000; tn.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+216] 70-010-200; www.tunisia.gc.ca
- United Kingdom: [+216] 71-108-700; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-tunis
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Tunisia.
Tunisia's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.tunconsusa.org
- In Canada: [+1] 613-237-0330
- In the U.K.: www.at-londres.diplomatie.gov.tn/index.php?id=77
- In Australia: [+61] 02-6290-2321
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.