The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Uzbekistan is a developing nation in the lower half of the world's economies. Located south of Kazakhstan in central Asia, its climate is mostly midlatitude desert, with semiarid grassland in the east. It has long, hot summers and mild winters.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)Limited malaria risk due exclusively to P. vivax exists from June through October in some villages located in the southern and eastern parts of the country bordering Afghanistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. No locally acquired cases reported between 2011 and 2013.
- Recommended prevention in risk areas: A – Very limited risk of malaria transmission. Mosquito bite prevention only.
WHO Country List footnote: When available, the date of the most recent update or confirmation is indicated in parentheses in the country list. If no date is indicated, the most recent update or confirmation was provided before 2013.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
High risk exists throughout the country, with moderate risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Consular Travel Advice
Due to ongoing security concerns, Australia (DFAT) advises reconsidering travel (or avoiding nonessential travel) to areas bordering Afghanistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan and eastern areas of the Ferghana Valley, including the city of Andijan (Andijan Province). Canada (GAC) concurs, except does not advise avoiding travel to Ferghana Valley. U.S. (DOS) and U.K. (FCO) have no current warnings.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout the country, including Tashkent. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
Risk of violent crime (armed robbery) and petty crime exists throughout the country, especially in train stations and rural areas.
Protests and demonstrations occur throughout the country and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.
Incidents of violence have occurred in the mountainous border areas with Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan.
Some border areas with Afghanistan and Tajikistan are mined.
Many of Uzbekistan's land border crossings are restricted to use by nationals of the 2 bordering states. Land crossings by foreigners are often restricted to specific border posts.
Risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 7 to 12 per 100,000 population. The rate is < 10 in most high-income countries.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has determined that the civil aviation authority of this country oversees its air carriers in accordance with minimum international safety standards.
Seismic activity frequently occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Uzbekistan
- United States: [+998] 71-120-5450; uz.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+998] 71-252-1005; travel.gc.ca/assistance/embassies-consulates/uzbekistan
- United Kingdom: [+998] 71-120-1500; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-tashkent
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Uzbekistan.
Uzbekistan's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.uzbekistan.org
- In Canada: [+1] 647-823-3951
- In the U.K.: www.uzbekembassy.org
- In Australia: Uzbekistan does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.