The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a developing nation but is in the upper half of the world's economies. It is divided into two entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpska, with a separate administrative district for Brcko. Located in southeastern Europe near the coast of the Adriatic Sea, its climate varies. Areas of high elevation have short, cold summers and long, severe winters. Areas along the coast have mild, rainy winters.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or tick-borne encephalitis. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, with minimal risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent brucellosis may be needed.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout Europe. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses, public places and events, including those frequented by tourists, and transportation systems.
Risk of violent crime (armed robbery, home invasion, and carjacking) exists throughout the country, especially in Sarajevo.
High risk of petty crime exists in Sarajevo and other cities, especially in areas frequented by foreigners, on or near public transportation, in crowded places, and near Mount Trebevic. Risk of petty crime exists throughout the rest of the country. Theft of valuables from unattended vehicles is common.
Protests and demonstrations occur throughout the country and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.
The threat from land mines, including unexploded ordnance and discarded ammunition, remains very serious. The vast majority of mined areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina are not marked in any way. Visitors should keep to main roads, stay on paved surfaces, avoid abandoned houses and buildings, and travel only during daylight hours. War relics and unknown items should not be touched and should be reported to local authorities.
High risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 12 to 24 per 100,000 population. The rate is < 10 in most high-income countries. Driving at night is not advised. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has determined that the civil aviation authority of this country does not oversee its air carriers in accordance with minimum international safety standards.
Seasonal flooding frequently occurs.
Forest fires occur during the dry season, especially in southern areas.
Seismic activity frequently occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Bosnia and Herzegovina
- United States: [+387] 33-704-000; ba.usembassy.gov
- Canada: Canada does not have an embassy or consulate in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- United Kingdom: [+387] 33-282-200; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-sarajevo
- Australia: [+387] 61-183-395
Bosnia and Herzegovina's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.bhembassy.org
- In Canada: www.ambasadabih.ca/index.php/ca
- In the U.K.: www.bhembassy.co.uk
- In Australia: www.bihembassy.org
HIV testing may be required to obtain a work or residence visa in the Republic of Srpska. HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Brcko District.