The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Côte d'Ivoire is a developing nation in the lower half of the world's economies. Located on the Gulf of Guinea in western Africa, its climate is tropical along the coast and semiarid in the far north. The southern third of the country is covered by tropical rain forest.
See also: Library article for Yellow Fever
- Requirement: A vaccination certificate is required for all travelers aged ≥ 9 months.
- Official Status: listed by WHO as a country where YF transmission risk is present.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)(2013) Malaria risk due predominantly to P. falciparum exists throughout the year in the whole country.
- Recommended prevention: C – Risk of P. falciparum malaria, in combination with reported chloroquine and sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine resistance. Mosquito bite prevention plus atovaquone–proguanil or doxycycline or mefloquine chemoprophylaxis (select according to reported side effects and contraindications) a
aAlternatively, for travel to rural areas with low risk of malaria infection, mosquito bite prevention can be combined with stand–by emergency treatment (SBET).
WHO Country List footnote: When available, the date of the most recent update or confirmation is indicated in parentheses in the country list. If no date is indicated, the most recent update or confirmation was provided before 2013.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: All
- Estimated relative risk of malaria for US travelers: High
- Drug resistance4: Chloroquine
- Malaria species: P. falciparum 85%, P. ovale 5%-10%, P. vivax rare.
- Recommended chemoprophylaxis: Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine.
4 Refers to P. falciparum malaria unless otherwise noted.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
High risk exists throughout the country, including in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Consular Travel Advice
Due to ongoing violence and the presence of armed groups, Australia (DFAT) advises reconsidering travel (or avoiding nonessential travel) to Haut-Sassandra Region and Bas-Sassandra and Montagnes districts. U.K. (FCO) and Canada (GAC) advise reconsidering travel (or avoiding nonessential travel) to areas bordering Liberia. U.S. (DOS) has no current warning.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout the country, including Grand-Bassam. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
High risk of violent crime (armed robbery, home invasion, and carjacking) exists throughout the country, especially in Abidjan (particularly in Abobo, Adjame, and Yopougon districts; and neighborhoods of Trechiville and Plateau, including on bridges to and from Plateau) and on the main road from Yamoussoukro to Korhogo (Savanes District).
High risk of petty crime exists throughout the country, especially in Abidjan.
Scams involving ATMs, credit cards, a wide range of financial activities, and false identity (such as criminals posing as military officials) have been reported.
Protests and demonstrations frequently occur throughout the country, especially in Abidjan, Bouaké, and other cities, and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.
Political tensions are high and have led to ongoing armed clashes resulting in deaths. Violence and assaults targeting civilians have been reported. Street crime persists due to the absence of armed forces.
Ongoing tensions along the line that divided the country into 2 politically opposed factions during the civil war continue to pose a risk. Communal and ethnic tensions also persist and have resulted in sporadic episodes of unrest in the northern territories.
The border areas with Liberia, along the western provinces of Dix-Huit Montagnes and Moyen-Cavally are particularly insecure. The region is volatile and the presence of armed militias and the lack of proper security forces patrols increase the risk to travelers. Highway robberies and carjackings have been reported.
Hazardous water conditions (including currents, tides, and undertows) may occur, especially in Grand Bassam. Heed posted warnings and avoid beaches that are not patrolled. Do not swim alone or after dark, and do not walk on any beach after dark.
Significant risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is > 24 per 100,000 population, the highest risk category. Carefully assess the safety of transportation options before any road travel. Driving at night is not advised. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
The rainy season is from May through November. Floods, mudslides, and landslides may occur.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Côte d'Ivoire
- United States: [+225] 22-49-40-00; ci.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+225] 20-30-07-00; canadainternational.gc.ca/cotedivoire
- United Kingdom: [+225] 22-44-26-69; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-abidjan
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Côte d'Ivoire.
Côte d'Ivoire's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.ambaciusa.org/Site/
- In Canada: www.canada.diplomatie.gouv.ci
- In the U.K.: [+44] 020-7235-6991
- In Australia: [+61] 02-6290-6629
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.