The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Kazakhstan is a developing nation but is in the upper half of the world's economies. Located in central Asia (south of Russia and north of Uzbekistan), the climate classifications range from dry (arid) in the south to humid cold (no dry season) in the north, with cooler temperatures in some high-altitude areas.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, tick-borne encephalitis, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, including in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent brucellosis may be needed.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Leishmaniasis may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout the country. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
Risk of violent crime (armed robbery) exists throughout the country, especially in the cities of Astana, Atyrau, Aktau, and Almaty, including areas frequented by expatriates and tourists.
Risk of petty crime exists throughout the country, especially on public transportation and in areas frequented by tourists.
Scams involving corrupt officials and false identity (such as criminals posing as police officers and prearranged drivers at airports) have been reported.
Risk exists of robberies and/or assaults occurring after consuming intentionally drugged food or drink; tourists are frequently targeted (including in Almaty).
Protests and demonstrations occur throughout the country and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation may occur.
Restricted areas may exist in towns and villages in Almaty and Kyzylorda provinces.
Significant risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is greater than 24 per 100,000 population, the highest risk category. Carefully assess the safety of transportation options before any road travel. Driving at night is not advised. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Avoid rail services due to safety and security concerns, due to very high risk of pick-pocketing.
Public buses and public vans do not meet international safety standards (due to unsafe vehicles and poor maintenance).
Many taxis are unsafe. Use taxis from official ranks or dispatched via smart phone app or radio from a reputable company and ascertain the license or identification number of the dispatched vehicle.
Seismic activity frequently occurs, especially in southern areas.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Kazakhstan
- United States: [+7] 7172-70-21-00; kz.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+7] 7172-475-577; www.kazakhstan.gc.ca
- United Kingdom: [+7] 7172-556200; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-astana
- Australia: [+7] 727-258-5960
Kazakhstan's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.kazakhembus.com
- In Canada: mfa.gov.kz/en/ottawa
- In the U.K.: www.kazembassy.org.uk
- In Australia: www.kazakhstan.org.au
HIV and hepatitis testing are required to obtain a work or residence visa.