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General Map

General map of Namibia

Medical Summary

The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).

General Information

Namibia is a developing nation but is in the upper half of the world's economies. Located on the southwest coast of Africa, its climate is hot and dry with erratic, sparse rainfall. Desert climate in portions of this country may aggravate respiratory conditions.

Immunizations

Yellow Fever

See also: Library article for Yellow Fever

Although yellow fever does not occur in Namibia, an official yellow fever vaccination certificate may be required depending on your itinerary.

  • Requirement: A vaccination certificate is required for travelers aged ≥ 9 months coming from countries with risk of YF transmission. Note: This applies to airport layovers longer than 12 hours in these countries.

Other Vaccines

Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.

Malaria

See also: Library article for Malaria

The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):

WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)

(2017) Malaria risk due to P. falciparum exists from November through June in the following regions: Ohangwena, Omaheke, Oshana, Oshikoto and Otjozondjupa. Risk exists throughout the year along the Kunene river in Kunene region, Zambesi river in Zambesi region and Okavango river in Kavango regions (West and East).
  • Recommended prevention in risk areas: C – Risk of P. falciparum malaria, in combination with reported chloroquine and sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine resistance. Mosquito bite prevention plus atovaquone–proguanil or doxycycline or mefloquine chemoprophylaxis (select according to reported side effects and contraindications) a
    aAlternatively, for travel to rural areas with low risk of malaria infection, mosquito bite prevention can be combined with stand–by emergency treatment (SBET).

WHO Country List footnote: When available, the date of the most recent update or confirmation is indicated in parentheses in the country list. If no date is indicated, the most recent update or confirmation was provided before 2013.

CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)

Areas with malaria: Present in the regions of Kavango (East and West), Kunene, Ohangwena, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozondjupa, and Zambezi. Rare cases in other parts of the country. No malaria in city of Windhoek.
  • Estimated relative risk of malaria for US travelers: Low.
  • Drug resistance4: Chloroquine.
  • Malaria species: P. falciparum >90%; P. malariae, P. ovale, and P. vivax rare.
  • Recommended chemoprophylaxis: Kavango (East and West), Kunene, Ohangwena, Omusati, Oshana, Oshikoto, Otjozunupa, and Zambezi: Atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine. Other parts of the country with rare cases: Mosquito avoidance only.
    4 Refers to P. falciparum malaria unless otherwise noted.

Other Concerns

Travelers' Diarrhea

See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea

High risk exists throughout the country, with moderate risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.

Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.

Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases

African trypanosomiasis, chikungunya, dengue, tick-bite fever and West Nile virus may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.

Other Disease and Health Risks

Additional concerns include Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever, marine hazards, plague, schistosomiasis, sexually transmitted infections and tuberculosis.

Consular Advice

The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.

Terrorism Risk

No intrinsic risk of attack by terrorist groups exists, but unforeseen attacks are possible.

Crime

Risk of violent crime (armed robbery) and high risk of petty crime exist throughout the country, especially in Windhoek.

Scams involving credit cards and the use of distraction techniques to commit robbery (including at ATMs) have been reported.

Civil Unrest

Protests and demonstrations occur throughout the country and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation may occur.

Unsafe Areas

Exercise caution if traveling to the Namibia-Angola border area due to banditry.

Transportation Safety

High risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 12 to 24 per 100,000 population. The rate is < 10 in most high-income countries. Driving at night is not advised. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark.

Traffic flows on the left-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.

Natural Disasters

The rainy season is from November through March. Floods, mudslides, and landslides may occur.

Consular Information

Selected Embassies or Consulates in Namibia

  • United States: [+264] 061-295-8500; na.usembassy.gov
  • Canada: [+264] 61-251-254; travel.gc.ca/assistance/embassies-consulates/namibia
  • United Kingdom: [+264] 61-274800; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-high-commission-windhoek
  • Australia: [+264] 61-300194

Namibia's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries

  • In the U.S.: www.namibianembassyusa.org
  • In Canada: [+1] 519-578-5932
  • In the U.K.: www.namibiahc.org.uk
  • In Australia: www.namibianconsulaustralia.com.au

Visa/HIV Testing

HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.