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The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and US CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
See also: COVID-19 Traveler Summary
Fully vaccinated: 63.7%
Boosted or Additional Dose: 10.0%
Daily new cases: 0 (7-day rolling average)
Daily new deaths: 0 (7-day rolling average)
Antigua and Barbuda is a developing nation classified as high income. Located in the Caribbean Sea (north of Guadeloupe and south of Saint Barthelemy), the climate is classified as humid equatorial (no dry season).
See also: Library article for Yellow Fever
Although yellow fever does not occur in Antigua and Barbuda, an official yellow fever vaccination certificate may be required depending on your itinerary.
- Requirement: A certificate proving yellow fever vaccination is required for travelers aged ≥ 1 year coming from countries with risk of YF transmission. This also applies to airport transit stops (no exit through immigration checkpoint) longer than 12 hours in risk countries.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)
Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, including in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent seafood poisoning may be needed.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Chikungunya, dengue, Zika may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.
Other Disease and Health Risks
Additional concerns include helminths, marine hazards, schistosomiasis, sexually transmitted infections.
The material below includes information from the US Department of State (DOS), the UK Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
No intrinsic risk of attack by terrorist groups exists, but unforeseen attacks are possible.
Moderate risk of violent crime (armed robbery and sexual assault) and petty crime exists throughout the country.
Risk exists of robberies and/or assaults occurring after consuming intentionally drugged food or drink; tourists are frequently targeted.
Rent water sports equipment from reputable operators. Scuba dive only with personnel certified by PADI or NAUI and use equipment only from PADI- or NAUI-certified dive operators.
Risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road traffic death rate is 7 to 12 per 100,000 population. The rate is less than 10 in most high-income countries.
Speed laws are poorly enforced.
There are no seatbelt laws.
Drunk driving laws are poorly enforced.
There are no restrictions on mobile phone usage while driving.
Structural standards for vehicles may not meet international standards.
The US Federal Aviation Administration has determined that the civil aviation authority of this country does not oversee its air carriers in accordance with minimum international safety standards.
The hurricane season extends from June to the end of November.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Antigua and Barbuda
- United States: The U.S. does not have an embassy or consulate in Antigua and Barbuda.
- Canada: Canada does not have an embassy or consulate in Antigua and Barbuda.
- United Kingdom: The U.K. does not have an embassy or consulate in Antigua and Barbuda.
- Australia: [+1] 268-462-5915
Antigua and Barbuda's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: Antigua and Barbuda does not have an embassy or consulate in the U.S.
- In Canada: Antigua and Barbuda does not have an embassy or consulate in Canada.
- In the U.K.: www.antigua-barbuda.com
- In Australia: Antigua and Barbuda does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV and hepatitis testing may be required to obtain a work or residence visa.