The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Argentina is an industrialized nation in the top 25% of the world's economies. Located in southern South America along the South Atlantic Ocean (east of Chile and west of Uruguay), the climate is extremely diverse with classifications that range from dry (arid) to cold polar (tundra and ice).
See also: Library article for Yellow Fever
Vaccination is usually recommended if you’ll be traveling in areas where there is risk of yellow fever transmission.
- Requirement: no requirement for any traveler.
- Official Status: listed by WHO as a country where YF transmission risk is present.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)(2018) No indigenous cases have been reported since 2011. Previous endemic areas due to P. vivax were located in Salta, Corrientes, and Misiones provinces.
- Recommended prevention in risk areas: A - Very limited risk of malaria transmission. Mosquito bite prevention only.
WHO Country List footnote: When available, the date of the most recent update or confirmation is indicated in parentheses in the country list. If no date is indicated, the most recent update or confirmation was provided before 2013.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, with minimal risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent brucellosis may be needed.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Low risk of attack by domestic terrorist groups exists in Buenos Aires. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses.
High risk of violent crime (armed robbery) and petty crime exists in Buenos Aires (particularly in Congreso, La Boca, Recoleta, Retiro, and San Telmo neighborhoods and on Florida Street), Mendoza (particularly in General San Martín Park), and other cities throughout the country. Theft of valuables from unattended rental vehicles is common.
Express kidnappings to force cash withdrawals at ATMs may occur throughout the country.
Scams involving the use of distraction techniques to commit robbery (including squirting substances on victims) and charging exorbitant fees for services have been reported.
Protests and demonstrations frequently occur in major cities throughout the country, especially in Buenos Aires, and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.
Rent water sports equipment from reputable operators. Scuba dive only with personnel certified by PADI or NAUI, and use equipment only from PADI- or NAUI-certified dive operators.
Basic safety standards for adventure activities (including paragliding and recreational off-roading) may not be in place. Travelers should only use reputable adventure-sport operators for activities and equipment rentals.
High risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 12 to 24 per 100,000 population. The rate is less than 10 in most high-income countries. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark. Driving at night is not advised.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Avoid public transportation due to safety and security concerns, including very high risk of pick-pocketing.
Many taxis are unsafe. Use taxis from official ranks or dispatched via smart phone app or radio from a reputable company and ascertain the license or identification number of the dispatched vehicle.
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has determined that the civil aviation authority of this country oversees its air carriers in accordance with minimum international safety standards.
Seasonal flooding frequently occurs in northern provinces, especially in Buenos Aires Province.
Seismic and volcanic activity frequently occur, especially in San Juan and Mendoza provinces and other areas bordering Chile.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Argentina
- United States: [+54] 11-5777-4533; ar.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+54] 11-4808-1000; www.argentina.gc.ca
- United Kingdom: [+54] 11-4808-2200; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-buenos-aires
- Australia: [+54] 11-4779-3500; www.argentina.embassy.gov.au
Argentina's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.eeeuu.mrecic.gov.ar
- In Canada: www.ecana.mrecic.gob.ar/en
- In the U.K.: www.clond.mrecic.gov.ar
- In Australia: eaust.mrecic.gov.ar/en
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.