The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Cabo Verde is a developing nation classified as lower middle income. Located off the coast of Western Africa in the North Atlantic Ocean, the climate is classified as humid equatorial (long dry season).
See also: Library article for Yellow Fever
Although yellow fever does not occur in Cabo Verde, an official yellow fever vaccination certificate may be required depending on your itinerary.
- Requirement: A vaccination certificate is required for travelers aged ≥ 1 year coming from countries with risk of YF transmission. This also applies to airport transit stops (no exit through immigration checkpoint) longer than 12 hours in risk countries.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)(2018) Limited Malaria risk due predominantly to P. falciparum exists from August through November in Santiago Island and in Boa Vista Island.
- Recommended prevention in risk areas: A - Very limited risk of malaria transmission. Mosquito bite prevention only.
WHO Country List footnote: When available, the date of the most recent update or confirmation is indicated in parentheses in the country list. If no date is indicated, the most recent update or confirmation was provided before 2013.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: Increase in malaria cases in Praia on Saõ Tiago (also known as Santiago) Island. Limited cases in other parts of Saõ Tiago Island.
- Estimated relative risk of malaria for US travelers: Very low.
- Drug resistance4: Chloroquine.
- Malaria species: Primarily P. falciparum.
- Recommended chemoprophylaxis: For Praia: atovaquone-proguanil, doxycycline, or mefloquine. For other parts of São Tiago Island: mosquito avoidance only.
4 Refers to P. falciparum malaria unless otherwise noted.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, including in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent seafood poisoning may be needed.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
No intrinsic risk of attack by terrorist groups exists, but unforeseen attacks are possible.
Moderate risk of violent crime (armed robbery, home robbery, and sexual assault) exists throughout the country, especially in remote areas and on the hillside stairways connecting neighborhoods in Praia and other cities or towns, and on the tourist islands of Sal and Boavista.
High risk of petty crime exists throughout the country, especially in crowded places (including markets, festivals, street fairs, and public gatherings), particularly on São Vicente Island and in Praia on Santiago island.
Rent water sports equipment from reputable operators. Scuba dive only with personnel certified by PADI or NAUI and use equipment only from PADI- or NAUI-certified dive operators.
Significant risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is greater than 24 per 100,000 population, the highest risk category. Carefully assess the safety of transportation options before any road travel. Speed laws are poorly enforced. Driving at night is not advised. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Public buses and public vans do not meet international safety standards (due to hazardous driving).
Many taxis are unsafe. Use taxis from official ranks or dispatched via smart phone app or radio from a reputable company and ascertain the license or identification number of the dispatched vehicle.
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has determined that the civil aviation authority of this country oversees its air carriers in accordance with minimum international safety standards.
The rainy season is from August through October. Floods, mudslides, and landslides may occur.
Volcanic activity occurs on Fogo Island.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Cabo Verde
- United States: [+238] 260-8900; cv.usembassy.gov
- Canada: Canada does not have an embassy or consulate in Cabo Verde.
- United Kingdom: U.K. does not have an embassy or consulate in Cabo Verde.
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Cabo Verde.
Cabo Verde's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.embcv-usa.gov.cv
- In Canada: Cabo Verde does not have an embassy or consulate in Canada.
- In the U.K.: Cabo Verde does not have an embassy or consulate in the U.K.
- In Australia: Cabo Verde does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.