The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Kyrgyzstan is a developing nation classified as lower middle income. Located in the Middle East (north of Tajikistan and east of Uzbekistan), the climate is extremely diverse with classifications that range from dry summer to dry (arid), with cooler temperatures in some high-altitude areas.
See also: Library article for Yellow Fever
Although yellow fever does not occur in Kyrgyzstan, an official yellow fever vaccination certificate may be required depending on your itinerary.
- Requirement: A vaccination certificate is required for travelers aged ≥ 1 year coming from countries with risk of YF transmission. This also applies to airport transit stops (no exit through immigration checkpoint) longer than 12 hours in risk countries.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, tick-borne encephalitis, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)Malaria risk due exclusively to P. vivax exists from June through October in some southern and western parts of the country, mainly in areasbordering Tajikistan and Uzbekistan (Batken, Jalal‐Abad and Osh regions) and in the outskirts of Bishkek. No locally acquired cases reported between2011 and 2013.
- Recommended prevention in risk areas: A – Very limited risk of malaria transmission. Mosquito bite prevention only.
WHO Country List footnote: When available, the date of the most recent update or confirmation is indicated in parentheses in the country list. If no date is indicated, the most recent update or confirmation was provided before 2013.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, including in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent brucellosis may be needed.
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Consular Travel Advice
Due to terrorism, civil unrest, and other ongoing security concerns, Australia (DFAT) advises reconsidering travel (or avoiding nonessential travel) to Ferghana Valley and areas bordering Uzbekistan and Tajikstan. U.S. (DOS), U.K. (FCO), and Canada (GAC) have no current warnings.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout the country, including Bishkek. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
High risk of violent crime (armed robbery, sexual assault, and assault) exists throughout the country, including Bishkek and areas frequented by foreigners.
High risk of petty crime exists in Bishkek, near hotels, in markets (especially Bishkek’s Osh Bazaar), on public transportation, and in areas frequented by foreigners.
Kidnappings by criminal groups may occur in Bishkek and other cities. Targets may include foreigners (especially Westerners).
Scams involving false identity (such as criminals posing as police officers and prearranged drivers at airports) have been reported.
Risk exists of robberies and/or assaults occurring after consuming intentionally drugged food or drink; tourists are frequently targeted.
Protests and demonstrations occur throughout the country, especially in Bishkek, and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation may occur.
Armed conflict occurs, a dangerous security environment may exist, and landmines and other unexploded ordnance are present in areas bordering Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, especially areas bordering the Ferghana Valley.
High risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 12 to 24 per 100,000 population. The rate is less than 10 in most high-income countries. Driving at night is not advised. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Public buses and public vans do not meet international safety standards (due to unsafe vehicles and poor maintenance).
Many taxis are unsafe. Use taxis from official ranks or dispatched via smart phone app or radio from a reputable company and ascertain the license or identification number of the dispatched vehicle.
Avalanches, floods, mudslides, and landslides frequently occur during the spring, especially in mountainous areas.
Seismic activity frequently occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Kyrgyzstan
- United States: [+996] 312-597-000; kg.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+996] 312-65-01-01; travel.gc.ca/assistance/embassies-consulates/kyrgyz-republic
- United Kingdom: [+996] 312-303637; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-bishkek
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Kyrgyzstan.
Kyrgyzstan's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.kgembassy.org
- In Canada: [+1] 514-637-6623
- In the U.K.: www.kyrgyz-embassy.org.uk
- In Australia: Kyrgyzstan does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV and hepatitis testing are required to obtain a work or residence visa.