The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and US CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Latvia is an advanced economy classified as high income. Located in northern Europe along the Baltic Sea (north of Lithuania and south of Estonia), the climate is classified as humid temperate (no dry season) in the west and humid cold (no dry season) in the east.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against COVID-19, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or tick-borne encephalitis. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)
Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, with minimal risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Lyme disease may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the US Department of State (DOS), the UK Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Consular Travel Advice
A state of emergency limiting freedom of movement (including border crossings) is in place until February 10, 2024, in areas bordering Belarus. Travelers should maintain a high level of security awareness, carry photo identification (ID) at all times (an original ID and a photocopy of the passport ID page, and the visa page or the page with the stamp showing the entry date), follow the advice of local authorities, and monitor the situation through local media and embassy communications.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout Europe. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
Moderate risk of violent crime (armed robbery, sexual assault, and assault) and moderate risk of petty crime exist throughout the country, especially from May to September in Riga, particularly in Old Town, Central Train Station, Central Bus Station, and Central Market, and in and around parks at night.
Scams involving exorbitant fees for products have been reported.
Risk exists of robberies and/or assaults occurring after consuming intentionally drugged food or drink; tourists are frequently targeted.
Protests and demonstrations may infrequently occur and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.
Rent water sports equipment from reputable operators. Scuba dive only with personnel certified by PADI or NAUI, and use equipment only from PADI- or NAUI-certified dive operators.
Risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road traffic death rate is 7 to 12 per 100,000 population. The rate is less than 10 in most high-income countries.
Speed laws are poorly enforced.
Winter storms frequently occur.
Seasonal flooding frequently occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Latvia
- United States: [+371] 6710-7000; lv.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+371] 6781-3945; www.international.gc.ca/country-pays/latvia-lettonie
- United Kingdom: [+371] 6777-4700; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-riga
- Australia: [+371] 67-320-509
Latvia's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.mfa.gov.lv/en/usa
- In Canada: www.mfa.gov.lv/en/ottawa
- In the U.K.: www.mfa.gov.lv/en/london
- In Australia: [+61] 0413-001-995
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.