The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Montenegro is a developing nation classified as upper middle income. Located in southeastern Europe along the Adriatic Sea (south of Serbia and west of Kosovo), the climate is classified as dry summer in the west and humid temperate (no dry season) in the east.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or tick-borne encephalitis. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, with minimal risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout Europe. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
Negligible risk of violent crime exists throughout the country.
Moderate risk of petty crime exists in cities, in areas frequented by tourists, on public transportation, in markets and crowded places, and on beaches.
Protests and demonstrations occur throughout the country (especially near government buildings) and are generally peaceful, but have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities.
Risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 7 to 12 per 100,000 population. The rate is less than 10 in most high-income countries.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Exercise caution on public transportation due to the risk of pick-pocketing.
Rail services do not meet international safety standards (due to unsafe vehicles and poor maintenance).
Seasonal flooding frequently occurs.
Forest fires occur during the dry season from April through October, especially in coastal and central areas.
Seismic activity frequently occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Montenegro
- United States: [+382] 0-20-410-500; me.usembassy.gov
- Canada: Canada does not have an embassy or consulate in Montenegro.
- United Kingdom: [+382] 0-20-420-100; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-podgorica
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Montenegro.
Montenegro's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: [+1] 202-234-6108
- In Canada: [+1] 604-838-9666
- In the U.K.: [+44] 020-3302-7227
- In Australia: Montenegro does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.