The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and US CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
See also: COVID-19 Traveler Summary
Fully vaccinated: 96.7%
Boosted or Additional Dose: 61.4%
Daily new cases: 931 (7-day rolling average)
Daily new cases / 100,000: 29
Daily new deaths: 4 (7-day rolling average)
Daily new deaths / 100,000: 0.1
14-Day Case Change: -19%
Puerto Rico, a territory of the US with commonwealth status, is an industrialized nation in the top 25% of the world's economies. Located in the Caribbean Sea (east of the Dominican Republic and west of the US Virgin Islands), the climate is classified as humid equatorial (long dry season).
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, meningococcal meningitis, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the US Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)
Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, with minimal risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent seafood poisoning may be needed.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the US Department of State (DOS), the UK Foreign, Commonwealth & Development Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
No intrinsic risk of attack by terrorist groups exists, but unforeseen attacks are possible.
Negligible risk of violent crime and moderate risk of petty crime exist throughout the country.
Protests and demonstrations may infrequently occur and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.
Rent water sports equipment from reputable operators. Scuba dive only with personnel certified by PADI or NAUI and use equipment only from PADI- or NAUI-certified dive operators.
National incidence data on traffic-related injury or death are not available.
The hurricane season is from June through November. Floods, mudslides, and landslides may occur.
Seismic activity occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Puerto Rico, a territory of the United States
- United States: The U.S. does not have an embassy or consulate in Puerto Rico.
- Canada: [+1] 844-880-6519; travel.gc.ca/assistance/embassies-consulates/puerto-rico
- United Kingdom: [+1] 787-758-9828/ [+1] 787-850-2400
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: Puerto Rico does not have an embassy or consulate in the U.S.
- In Canada: Puerto Rico does not have an embassy or consulate in Canada.
- In the U.K.: Puerto Rico does not have an embassy or consulate in the U.K.
- In Australia: Puerto Rico does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.