The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Turkmenistan is a developing nation classified as upper middle income. Located in central Asia along the Caspian Sea, north of Iran and south of Uzbekistan, the climate is classified as dry (arid) in the north and dry (semi arid) in the south.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
High risk exists throughout the country, with moderate risk in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Other Food-Borne Illnesses
Precautions to prevent brucellosis may be needed.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Leishmaniasis may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Consular Travel Advice
Due to political instability and ongoing security concerns, Canada (GAC) and Australia (DFAT) advise avoiding travel to areas bordering Afghanistan. U.S. (DOS) and U.K. (FCO) have no current warnings.
No intrinsic risk of attack by terrorist groups exists, but unforeseen attacks are possible.
Low risk of violent crime (armed robbery) and moderate risk of petty crime exists, especially on overnight trains and in markets.
Scams involving corrupt officials have been reported.
Risk exists of robberies and/or assaults occurring after consuming intentionally drugged food or drink; tourists are frequently targeted.
Protests and demonstrations may infrequently occur and have the potential to turn violent without warning.
Restricted areas exist in areas bordering Afghanistan, Iran (not including Ashgabat), and Uzbekistan; in Dashoguz Province (including the city of Dahoguz); and in some coastal areas along the Caspian Sea (not including the city of Turkmenbashi).
High risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road-traffic death rate is 12 to 24 per 100,000 population. The rate is less than 10 in most high-income countries. Driving at night is not advised. Seek local advice before traveling on roads outside urban areas after dark.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Many taxis are unsafe. Use taxis from official ranks or dispatched via smart phone app or radio from a reputable company and ascertain the license or identification number of the dispatched vehicle.
Seasonal flooding occurs.
Seismic activity frequently occurs.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Turkmenistan
- United States: [+993] 12-94-00-45; tm.usembassy.gov
- Canada: Canada does not have an embassy or consulate in Turkmenistan.
- United Kingdom: [+993] 12-363462; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-ashgabat
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Turkmenistan.
Turkmenistan's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: turkmenistanembassy.org
- In Canada: Turkmenistan does not have an embassy or consulate in Canada.
- In the U.K.: uk.tmembassy.gov.tm
- In Australia: Turkmenistan does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV testing is required to obtain a work or residence visa. Travelers, including short-term travelers, may be detained or deported after arrival if found to be positive for HIV or hepatitis.