The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Ukraine is a developing nation classified as lower middle income. Located in eastern Europe along the Black Sea (east of Poland and south of Belarus), the climate is classified as humid cold (no dry season) in the north and dry (semi arid) in the south, with cooler temperatures in some high-altitude areas.
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or tick-borne encephalitis. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, including in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Other Disease and Health Risks
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
Consular Travel Advice
Due to military conflict, landmines, and other ongoing security concerns, U.S. (DOS), U.K. (FCO), Canada (GAC), and Australia (DFAT) advise avoiding travel to the Crimean Autonomous Republic and Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts.
Risk of attack by transnational terrorist groups exists throughout Europe. Low risk of attack by domestic terrorist groups exists throughout the country, especially in Kyiv and Kharkiv, Kharkiv Oblast. Targets may include domestic and international organizations and businesses; public places and events, including those frequented by tourists; and transportation systems.
Moderate risk of violent crime (armed robbery) and moderate risk of petty crime exist throughout the country, especially in Kyiv and other cities, particularly in areas frequented by tourists, and near bars and nightclubs.
Theft of valuables from unattended vehicles is common.
Scams involving exorbitant fees for products, the use of distraction techniques to commit robbery, and false identity (such as criminals posing as police officers) have been reported.
Risk exists of robberies and/or assaults occurring after consuming intentionally drugged food or drink; tourists are frequently targeted.
Protests and demonstrations frequently occur in the Crimean Autonomous Republic and Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts (and occur throughout the rest of the country), and have the potential to turn violent without warning. Bystanders are at risk of harm from violence or from the response by authorities. Disruption to transportation, free movement, or the ability to carry out daily activities may occur.
A dangerous security environment and military presence exists and armed groups are present in the Crimean Autonomous Republic and Donetsk and Luhansk oblasts.
Rent water sports equipment from reputable operators. Scuba dive only with personnel certified by PADI or NAUI and use equipment only from PADI- or NAUI-certified dive operators.
National incidence data on traffic-related injury or death are not available.
Traffic flows on the right-hand side of the road. Travelers (including drivers and pedestrians) accustomed to traffic moving on the opposite side should be vigilant when navigating traffic.
Exercise caution on public transportation, especially on rail services, due to the risk of pick-pocketing.
Public buses do not meet international safety standards (due to unsafe vehicles and poor maintenance).
Many taxis are unsafe. Use taxis from official ranks or dispatched via smart phone app or radio from a reputable company and ascertain the license or identification number of the dispatched vehicle.
U.S. Federal Aviation Administration has determined that the civil aviation authority of this country oversees its air carriers in accordance with minimum international safety standards.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Ukraine
- United States: [+380] 044-521-5000; ua.usembassy.gov
- Canada: [+380] 44-590-3100; www.ukraine.gc.ca
- United Kingdom: [+380] 44-490-3660; www.gov.uk/world/organisations/british-embassy-kyiv
- Australia: [+380] 44-290-6400; ukraine.embassy.gov.au
Ukraine's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: www.usa.mfa.gov.ua
- In Canada: canada.mfa.gov.ua/en
- In the U.K.: uk.mfa.gov.ua/en
- In Australia: australia.mfa.gov.ua/en
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.