The health risk information presented here is summarized from Shoreland Travax®, a decision-support tool used by health care providers to perform a detailed health risk analysis based on specific locations, individual travel styles, and traveler risk behaviors. Travax provides practitioners current, independently researched malaria risk and prevention recommendations in a map-based format that goes beyond the annual WHO and CDC statements included here. Not included here are current reports from Travax of disease outbreaks or environmental events that may pose elevated risks to travelers’ health and safety. The Providers section of this site offers a directory of health care providers who utilize Shoreland Travax for travel health counseling. Learn more about the detailed reports and maps available from these practitioners (includes links to samples).
Wake Island is a territory of the United States. Located in the central Pacific Ocean west of Hawaii, the climate is classified as humid equatorial (no dry season).
Depending on your itinerary, your personal risk factors, and the length of your visit, your health care provider may offer you vaccination against hepatitis A, hepatitis B, influenza, measles, mumps, rubella, rabies, or typhoid fever. Routine immunizations, such as those that prevent tetanus/diphtheria or "childhood" diseases, should be reviewed and updated as needed.
See also: Library article for Malaria
The following is current information as reported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control (CDC):
WHO—International Travel and Health (current online update, Country List)No statement given.
CDC—Health Information for International Travel (current online edition)Areas with malaria: None.
Drug resistance: Not applicable.
See also: Library article for Travelers' Diarrhea
Moderate risk exists throughout the country, including in deluxe accommodations. Food and beverage precautions may reduce the likelihood of illness.
Travelers should carry loperamide for self-treatment of diarrhea and, if risk is moderate to high, an antibiotic to add if diarrhea is severe. Consult a knowledgeable health care provider regarding which antibiotic is appropriate for you and most effective for your destination.
Insect- and Arthropod-Borne Diseases
Hepatitis C may pose a risk. Personal protective measures are important.
Other Disease and Health Risks
Additional concerns include marine hazards.
The material below includes information from the U.S. Department of State (DOS), U.K. Foreign & Commonwealth Office (FCO), Global Affairs Canada (GAC), and Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), as well as from additional open-source material. Standard safety precautions that apply to all international travel can be found in the Library article Safety and Security.
No intrinsic risk of attack by terrorist groups exists, but unforeseen attacks are possible.
Negligible risk of violent crime exists throughout the country.
Low risk of traffic-related injury or death exists. The road traffic death rate is less than 7 per 100,000 population, the lowest risk category.
The typhoon season is from July through November. Floods, mudslides, and landslides may occur.
Selected Embassies or Consulates in Wake Island, a territory of the United States
- United States: The U.S. does not have an embassy or consulate in Wake Island.
- Canada: Canada does not have an embassy or consulate in Wake Island.
- United Kingdom: U.K. does not have an embassy or consulate in Wake Island.
- Australia: Australia does not have an embassy or consulate in Wake Island.
Wake Island's Embassies or Consulates in Selected Countries
- In the U.S.: Wake Island does not have an embassy or consulate in the U.S.
- In Canada: Wake Island does not have an embassy or consulate in Canada.
- In the U.K.: Wake Island does not have an embassy or consulate in the U.K.
- In Australia: Wake Island does not have an embassy or consulate in Australia.
HIV testing is not required to obtain a tourist, work, or residence visa.